CBD and CBD oil are in the spotlight right now. Hemp and marijuana plants have become the town’s talk, and that is solely because of the large number of chemical compounds found within these plants. These chemical compounds, famously known as cannabinoids, have the ability to provide various medical and therapeutic benefits. From among the 100+ cannabinoids, the ones that have gained immense attention include CBD and THC. But what is the difference between CBD and THC?
So, how do cannabinoids inflict a positive change within our bodies? The reason behind the perfect bonding of THC and CBD with the human body is a similar composition to the cannabinoids naturally produced in the human body. The identical structure allows them to influence the receptors formed by the body’s endocannabinoid system and work miracles for users!
Although CBD and THC come from the same plant species, they are diverse in nature. The compounds are no doubt related to each other, but certain characteristics create a big difference.
As we know, cannabidiol (CBD) is the most extracted cannabinoid from the hemp plant. With ongoing research on CBD, it has become a rising star due to its various medical and health benefits.
Being a non-psychoactive compound, it has the power to treat pain, inflammation, anxiety, depression, and countless other ailments. As compared to marijuana-derived CBD, hemp-derived CBD contains only 0.3% of THC and is completely legal all across the USA.
Delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), also known as “marijuana high,” is another compound found in abundance within the marijuana plant. In contrast to CBD, THC can make you high. Along with its intoxicated virtue, THC can also cause euphoric, analgesic, and stimulating effects.
Nevertheless, THC also has a positive image to its side. With it’s cognitive and mood-altering aspects, it has provided help in treating mental and physical diseases.
CBD VS THC: The Variation In Chemical Structure
The major difference between THC and CBD lies in their chemical structure. Although both compounds have the same chemical structure that is 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and two oxygen atoms, what differs is the way atoms are arranged.
This slight difference in atomic arrangement gives the two cannabinoids diverse chemical properties causing them to react differently within your body.
CBD VS THC: Effects on the Body
Cannabidiol and THC work in different modalities when it comes to exhibiting psychoactive properties. Cannabidiol doesn’t give you that high feeling, which is associated with the intake of THC.
Furthermore, THC binds directly with the CB1 receptors located in the brain. These receptors are responsible for controlling pain, mood, and other feelings. The effect of THC on these receptors gives you a feeling of euphoria.
On the other hand, CBD indirectly stimulates receptors to produce a higher level of endocannabinoids to improve your health and develop a feeling of well-being. It works on more than 60 molecular pathways without making you feel high.
CBD VS THC: Legal Status
Federal and State laws differ when it comes to using, prescribing, or selling products containing CBD and THC. According to the Farm Bill, Congress legalized hemp, but there are certain limitations on the sale and utilization of hemp-derived products. For instance, any CBD product such as CBD oil containing more than 0.3% of THC is not legal.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and the Food And Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved any product containing the two compounds. Epidiolex is the only medicine certified by the FDA and is prescribed to treat epilepsy.
So, before you move on to buy CBD goods, make sure you know what the state law has to say on this matter.
As for THC, it is illegal to produce and use unless medically prescribed under federal law.
CBD VS THC: Health Benefits
On the whole, CBD and THC share some common health benefits. According to medical research, both compounds can provide relief for a number of common medical conditions, including nausea, pain, and anxiety.
What is CBD good for? CBD is famous for its anti-inflammatory properties and its effectiveness in boosting the immune system. For that reason, CBD products, especially CBD oil is used to deal with diseases such as;
- Inflammatory bowel disease.
- Anxiety and depression.
- Psychosis and other mental illnesses.
- Help in dealing with cancer.
- Prevent bone density loss.
- Muscle spasms.
- Help treat diabetes.
Whereas THC with neuroprotective effects provide health benefits such as;
- Pain reduction
- Fight insomnia.
- Help overcome eating disorders.
- Muscle spasticity.
- Fights Glaucoma.
- Tumor growth
CBD VS THC: Impact on Mental Health
CBD exhibits its benefits without causing any side effects on the brain because it has neuroprotective properties. It has proved beneficial for treating anxiety, depression, and stress without adversely impacting the brain or body.
Whereas if we talk about THC, it does have neuroprotective properties, but a high dosage of THC can harm your mind. Initial research on this cannabinoid suggests that THC can help a person stay focus, but only if it’s taken in a low dose.
CBD VS THC: Side Effects
CBD has been regarded as safe even if taken in large quantities by the World Health Organization (WHO). Some minor effects that you may feel on consuming CBD products like CBD oil include the following:
- Upset Stomach
On the one side where THC can make you high, it can also cause some adverse effects on your health. According to research, high doses of THC increase the risk of developing schizophrenia in patients with a previous disease record.
Other side effects include;
- Dry mouth
- Red eyes
- The feeling of being high
- Loss of concentration
Now, you know the difference between CBD and THC. Thus, when you buy CBD oil or other CBD products like CBD edibles, you have a better chance of finding the right products.